Detachment of particulate structures from a fiber array due to stretching and simultaneous gas flow

  • Autor:

    L. Poggemann, P. Längle, J. Meyer, A. Dittler

  • Quelle:

    Separation and Purification Technology, 2024, 127887, (open access)

  • The main cause of high pressure drop and increased energy consumption in a filtration process is the clogging of particulate material in the upstream layers of a depth filter. To alleviate this issue, stress can be introduced into the particulate structure through stretching, which promotes rearrangement and detachment of particle structures, allowing for transfer of some of the clogged particulate material from the upstream layers to downstream void regions. This study aims to extend previous findings from experiments with single fibers to the level of an array. The goal is to analyze the introduction of a multiple stress state by performing stretching experiments with a particle-structure on a fiber array.
    The stretching tests investigate the influence of different process parameters such as stretching velocity and air flow velocity during stretching on the rearrangement and detachment behavior of a separated particle structures from the fiber array. Rearrangement and detachment of the particle structure are a direct consequences of the stress induced by stretching. The experiments showed a significant increase in relative free projection area of fiber interspaces (RFPI) of up to 160% and thus a large-scale removal of particle material from the fiber interspaces when the flow velocity was increased from 0.05 m/s to 0.8 m/s. Surprisingly, the radial rearrangement of the compact particle structures during stretching resulted in a clogging and blockage of the interfiber spaces (negative RFPI in the range of minimum -54% after the first stretching cycle) and not in a total release of the interfiber spaces. The size of the particle structures in the experiments decreased by about 331 µm with the number of stretching cycles, indirectly confirming the presence of residual structures. Preliminary experiments also confirmed an increased influence on the rearrangement and detachment (removed particulate material of about 30%) of particle structures by further increasing the fiber distance of 27 µm and thus introducing a biaxial stretching into the particle structure.