Simultaneous measurement of spatially resolved particle emissions in a pilot plant scale baghouse filter applying distributed low-cost particulate matter sensors
P. Bächler, J. Szabadi, J, Meyer, A. Dittler
Journal of Aerosol Science, 2020, 150, 105644, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaerosci.2020.105644 (open access)
Baghouse filters are widely applied in industrial gas cleaning, for example in waste incineration plants and the cement industry, to meet particle emission standards and for product recovery. The global particle emission of pulse-jet cleaned surface filters is typically monitored end of pipe (e.g. in the stack). Since the particulate matter emission of baghouse filters originates often from leaks and incorrectly installed or damaged filter bags, operators would greatly profit from online measurement technology that monitors the emission contribution of individual filter bags or at least a subset of all installed filter elements to the total emission. Low-cost particulate matter sensors can be deployed inside filter houses in larger quantities due to their compact design and low asset cost compared to conventional aerosol measurement technology. The ability of several low-cost sensors to detect the characteristic PM emission behavior of surface filters has been shown in previous investigations in a filter test rig. This study shows first results regarding the emission contribution of individual filter bags of a pilot plant scale baghouse filter employing distributed low-cost sensors of the model OPC-N3 from the manufacturer Alphasense. A Promo® 2000 aerosol spectrometer with a welas® 2100 sensor serves as reference regarding the partic- ulate matter concentration detected by the low-cost sensors and as end of pipe measurement equipment to monitor the global emission. The selected filter medium was a membrane filter medium with sealed seams to provide low emission levels and defined conditions on the clean gas side. The employed low-cost sensors detect an emission peak right after cleaning of the corre- sponding filter bag only. The global emission measured in the clean gas duct consists of the overlay of the individual emission peaks detected locally at the corresponding filter bags. By exchanging one filter bag with a filter bag made from a non-membrane filter medium without sealed seams, an increase of the total continuous emission can be detected, both end of pipe in the clean gas duct and locally via the low-cost particulate matter sensor. This demonstrates the applicability of the measurement technology for the detection and identification of leaks and damaged filter bags that serve as emission hotspots in baghouse filters.