Stellungnahme des "Expertenkreises Aerosole": Aerosole und SARS-CoV-2 - Entstehung, Infektiosität, Ausbreitung und Minderung luftgetragener virenhaltiger Teilchen in der Atemluft
S. Brockmann, A. Dittler, G. Grün, M. Haibel, T. Iftner, H.-G. Kräusslich, B. Mizaikoff, J. Niessner, B. Richter, C. Spahn, K. Stergiaropoulos, H. von Braun
Das Gesundheitswesen, 2021, 83, 231-234, DOI: 10.1055/a-1363-0972
Aerosols are currently seen as one of the main transmission routes for SARS-CoV-2, but a comprehensive understanding of the processes and appropriate action/adaptation of protection concepts requires the exchange of information across interdisciplinary boundaries. Against this background, the Baden-Württemberg state government launched in October 2020 a multidisciplinary "Expert Group Aerosols" comprising engineers, natural scientists and medical professionals. In its statement, the group has compiled the current state of knowledge in all relevant disciplines in the context of airborne SARS-CoV-2 infection. In addition to the well-known hygiene and social distancing rules, the importance of the correct use of effective masks is emphasized. Furthermore, the necessity for dynamic and correct ventilation is pointed out and illustrated with ventilation intervals and periods for different scenarios as examples. The effectiveness of stationary or mobile cabin air filters as an important component in the protection concept is discussed. The first opinion of the expert group makes it clear that the existing hygiene and social distancing rules offer the best possible protection against SARS-CoV-2 infection only when correctly applied in combination.